Understanding Tinnitus: Causes, Symptoms, and Management Strategies

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Tinnitus, often described as ringing, buzzing, or hissing sounds in the ears, is a common condition affecting many individuals at some point in their lives. While it can be challenging to manage, understanding the causes, symptoms, and available strategies for managing tinnitus symptoms can significantly improve the quality of life for those affected. At Fraser Valley Beltone, our hearing care professionals are dedicated to empowering our patients in Langley and Abbotsford with the knowledge and tools they need to address their hearing health concerns, including managing tinnitus effectively.

In this blog, we will explore the complex nature of tinnitus, delving into its various causes and common symptoms, and providing practical strategies for managing its impact on your daily life. Our team of experienced and compassionate hearing care professionals understand the unique challenges faced by those experiencing tinnitus and are here to provide support, guidance, and education to help you navigate this often misunderstood condition.

If you or a loved one is struggling with tinnitus and seeks guidance on managing its impact on your life, the team at Fraser Valley Beltone is here to help. Schedule a consultation with our hearing care professionals in Langley or Abbotsford to discuss your tinnitus concerns and develop a tailored plan for managing its symptoms and improving your quality of life. Let us be your trusted healthcare partner in addressing the challenges of tinnitus and supporting your hearing health journey.

1: Identifying the Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a multifaceted condition with various potential causes, which can sometimes make identifying the specific trigger a challenge. However, understanding the common underlying factors behind tinnitus is vital in determining the best approach to manage its symptoms. Some prevalent causes of tinnitus include:

  1. Hearing loss: Tinnitus often accompanies age-related or noise-induced hearing loss, as damage to the auditory system can cause the brain to misinterpret or fill in missing sound information with phantom noises.
  2. Ear infections or blockages: Infections and blockages in the ear, such as impacted earwax, can create pressure and irritation that results in the perception of tinnitus.
  3. Ototoxic medications: Some medications, including certain painkillers, antibiotics, and antidepressants, can have ototoxic side effects that contribute to tinnitus symptoms.
  4. Head or neck injuries: Traumatic injuries to the head or neck can disrupt the proper function of the auditory system, leading to the development of tinnitus.
  5. Underlying health conditions: Various health conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, and thyroid disorders, can contribute to tinnitus symptoms.

2: Common Symptoms and Types of Tinnitus

Tinnitus can manifest in different forms and intensity levels. Identifying the specific characteristics of your tinnitus can be helpful in managing its symptoms and seeking professional guidance. Common tinnitus symptoms and types include:

  1. Auditory phantom perception: Tinnitus is often described as the sensation of hearing sound in one or both ears when no external noise is present. These sounds may be perceived as ringing, buzzing, hissing, or humming.
  2. Pulsatile tinnitus: This type of tinnitus is characterized by rhythmic sounds that often align with the individual’s heartbeat. Pulsatile tinnitus is typically caused by blood flow irregularities in or around the ears.
  3. Objective tinnitus: Rare in occurrence, objective tinnitus can be heard not only by the person experiencing it but also by an observer such as a healthcare professional, typically using a stethoscope.
  4. Fluctuating occurrence and intensity: The volume and frequency of tinnitus can differ greatly among individuals experiencing the condition and may even change over time for a single person.

3: Evaluation and Diagnosis of Tinnitus

If you suspect you may be experiencing tinnitus, it’s essential to consult with a hearing care professional to assess your condition and recommend appropriate management strategies. A comprehensive evaluation may include:

  1. Tinnitus assessment: Your hearing care professional will discuss the specifics of your tinnitus symptoms and explore potential triggers and contributing factors.
  2. Hearing test: A thorough hearing test, or audiogram, can determine if underlying hearing loss is associated with your tinnitus.
  3. Physical examination: Tinnitus may be caused by ear blockages or infections, so a hearing care professional will examine your ears to rule out these potential contributors.
  4. Referral for additional tests or treatments: Depending on the outcome of your evaluation, your hearing care professional may recommend further diagnostic tests or medical interventions, such as referral to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist.

4: Effective Tinnitus Management Strategies

While there is currently no proven cure for tinnitus, various strategies can help manage and alleviate its symptoms, greatly improving your quality of life. Some effective tinnitus management approaches include:

  1. Hearing aids: For individuals with tinnitus accompanied by hearing loss, hearing aids can often help to alleviate tinnitus symptoms by filling in the missing sound information and providing appropriate amplification.
  2. Tinnitus maskers: Sound therapy devices, also known as tinnitus maskers, generate pleasant background noises like white noise, nature sounds, or music, which can help distract from or override the perception of tinnitus sounds.
  3. Relaxation and stress reduction techniques: Stress can exacerbate tinnitus symptoms, so practicing relaxation techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga can help reduce the impact of tinnitus on your daily life.
  4. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): This form of therapy can help individuals manage their reactions to tinnitus and develop coping strategies to better deal with their condition.


Understanding the causes, symptoms, and management strategies for tinnitus is crucial for those affected by this often frustrating condition. By working closely with a hearing care professional, such as the team at Fraser Valley Beltone, you can develop an individualized plan for addressing your tinnitus symptoms and improving your quality of life.

Schedule a consultation with our hearing clinic to discuss your tinnitus concerns and explore the wide range of management options available. Let the Fraser Valley Beltone team become your trusted healthcare partner for all your hearing care needs, including guiding you through the challenges of tinnitus and providing compassionate support at every step of the way.

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