Understanding Tinnitus: Causes, Treatments, and Coping Strategies

woman listening to nature

With millions of people worldwide experiencing tinnitus, it’s important to understand the causes, treatment options, and coping strategies related to this auditory condition. Tinnitus is characterized by the perception of sound in the ears or head without an external source and can manifest as ringing, buzzing, hissing, or other similar noises. While it may impact individuals differently, living with tinnitus can be challenging and isolating, ultimately affecting overall well-being. At Fraser Valley Beltone, our mission is to serve as your trusted hearing care partner, providing support, education, and solutions to address the unique needs of those affected by tinnitus in our Langley, Chilliwack and Abbotsford communities.

In this article, we will delve into the causes of tinnitus and explore the various treatment options available to help manage this often frustrating and persistent symptom. Additionally, we will discuss coping strategies that can empower individuals to take control of their tinnitus symptoms and improve their daily lives. With Fraser Valley Beltone, you can trust that you are receiving expert care and guidance in your hearing health journey.

Understanding the Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a complex condition, and its exact cause can sometimes be challenging to determine. However, several factors can contribute to its development, including:

  1. Noise-induced hearing loss: Exposure to excessive noise levels, whether it occurs suddenly or as a result of prolonged exposure, is a leading cause of tinnitus.
  2. Age-related hearing loss: As we age, our hearing can gradually worsen, and tinnitus often accompanies this decline in auditory ability.
  3. Ear infections and blockages: Infections, impacted earwax, or foreign objects lodged in the ear can cause temporary tinnitus.
  4. Medications: Some medications, such as high doses of aspirin, certain antibiotics, and some diuretics, may cause temporary or permanent tinnitus as a side effect.
  5. Medical conditions: Tinnitus can be associated with various medical conditions, including Meniere’s disease, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, and head or neck injuries.

Treatment Options for Tinnitus

While there is no universal cure for tinnitus, several treatment options can help manage symptoms and improve your overall quality of life:

  1. Hearing aids: For individuals with hearing loss and tinnitus, hearing aids are often an effective solution. Amplifying external sounds can help to mask or minimize the perception of tinnitus.
  2. Sound therapy: Sound therapy uses auditory stimuli, such as white noise or nature sounds, to provide relief by distracting from or neutralizing tinnitus sounds.
  3. Tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT): TRT combines counselling and sound therapy to help patients learn to ignore their tinnitus, reducing its impact on daily life.
  4. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT): CBT is a form of psychological treatment that addresses the mental and emotional aspects of tinnitus to help patients better manage stress and negative thought patterns.
  5. Medication: While no specific medication has been approved for tinnitus treatment, some medications, such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs, may provide relief for some individuals.

Always consult with a hearing healthcare professional, like those at Fraser Valley Beltone, to discuss treatment options and determine the best approach for your specific needs.

Coping Strategies for Tinnitus Management

In addition to seeking professional treatment, individuals with tinnitus can benefit from implementing various coping strategies to help minimize the impact of symptoms on daily activities:

  1. Control your environment: Reduce exposure to loud noise, and consider using background sounds (e.g., a fan, white noise machine, or calming music) to mask tinnitus in quiet environments.
  2. Practice relaxation techniques: Incorporate stress reduction techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, yoga, or progressive muscle relaxation into your daily routine to minimize the effects of stress on tinnitus.
  3. Establish healthy sleep habits: Create a consistent bedtime routine and maintain a comfortable sleep environment to promote better rest and reduce tinnitus aggravation during the night.
  4. Stay physically active: Regular exercise can contribute to improved blood circulation and reduced stress, both of which may help lessen tinnitus symptoms.
  5. Join a support group: Connecting with others who experience tinnitus can provide valuable advice, understanding, and camaraderie, decreasing feelings of isolation and frustration.

When to Seek Professional Help

If you experience tinnitus symptoms that persist or worsen over time, it’s essential to consult with a hearing healthcare professional. Seeking help is especially crucial if your tinnitus is accompanied by additional symptoms such as:

  1. Sudden or rapidly progressing hearing loss
  2. Dizziness or balance issues
  3. Pain or discomfort in the ear
  4. A noticeable change in the nature or volume of your tinnitus

Prompt action can help identify any underlying medical issues and ensure you receive appropriate care to manage your tinnitus effectively.


Understanding tinnitus and its causes, along with knowing the treatment options and coping strategies available, can empower individuals to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life significantly. At Fraser Valley Beltone, our compassionate team of hearing care professionals is dedicated to providing personalized and effective solutions tailored to the needs and preferences of our patients.

If you or a loved one is experiencing tinnitus, don’t hesitate to reach out and discuss your needs with our experienced staff members. Schedule a consultation at one of our Langley, Chilliwack or Abbotsford hearing cleaning locations and begin your journey towards improved hearing health and well-being. Trust Fraser Valley Beltone to guide and support you through every step of your hearing health journey – contact us today.

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